مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Prevalence of Tuberculosis ...
عنوان
Prevalence of Tuberculosis Infection Among Health-Care Workers in Hamadan,Westof Iran
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Risk Factors; Tuberculosis; Tuberculin Test
چکیده
Background:Theriskofoccupationallyacquiredtuberculosis(TB)remainsaconcern,evennowthattheinfectionhasbeenundercontrol toagreatextent. Objectives:Theaimof thisstudywastoascertaintheprevalenceof latentTBinfectionandpulmonaryTB,andtoassesstheriskfactorsfor TB,amonghealthcareworkersinHamadan. Patients and Methods: Tuberculin skin test was performed on 245 health care workers, in two educational hospitals. The reaction was consideredas"positive"if theindurationdiameterwas≥10mm.Individualswithapositivetest>than15mmwereencouragedtoseek further medical evaluation, including a chest-x-ray and a smear and sputum culture of the sputum for acid-fast bacilli, in those with radiographicchangesindicatingTB. Results: Out of 245 health-care workers included in this study, 92 (38%) had positive tuberculin test. There was a significant association between aging and tuberculin positivity. There was also a significant association between the length of employment and tuberculin positivity.Wardattendantshadhigherratesof positivetestresults,comparedwithotheroccupationalgroups. Conclusions: It was concluded that latent TB infection is common among health-care workers in the studied region. Age, occupational groupandemploymentlengthwerefoundtobestronglyassociatedwithtuberculinpositivity.
پژوهشگران سیدحمید هاشمی (نفر اول)، مژگان ممانی (نفر دوم)، منصور نظری(بازنشسته) (نفر چهارم)، ایرج صدیقی (نفر پنجم)