مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /The Process of Substance ...
عنوان
The Process of Substance Abuse Onset in Women: A Cross-Sectional Study in Hamadan, Western Iran
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Opioid-Related Disorders; Substance Abuse Treatment Centers; Women; Hamadan
چکیده
Background: Drug addiction is a drastic problem in women’s life which is growing rapidly and has attracted a lot of attention in Iran’s academic community who investigate addiction. Process of addiction in women highly differs with men; moreover, individual, familial and social consequences of addiction for women are much more intense than that of the men. Objectives: This study aimed at achieve a holistic view on the onset of drug addiction and factors related to the continuation of drug abuse in female drug addicts in Hamadan province, Iran. Patients and Methods: Fifty nine addicted women who were admitted to the only rehabilitation and treatment center for addicted women in Hamadan and volunteered to participate in this cross-sectional survey were chosen. Following clinical interviewing and completing the health questionnaire, they were asked to fill up a standard questionnaire to obtain demographic information including complete and comprehensive questions about sociodemographic and familial states which were effective in onset, continuation and cession of drug abuse. Results: The most common drug used by 48 women (81.35%) was th eopium, followed by crack (8.47%), heroin (1.69%), methadone (1.69%) and cannabis (1.69%). Mean age of the first time experience of cigarette smoking was 17.11 ± 9.22 years. Also, the mean age of the first time drug substance use was 27.62 ± 10.46 years and the mean duration of drug use was 5.2 ± 12.0 years. Among studied women, 74.57% used drugs on a regular basis. General Health Questionnaire results indicated that 74.6% of the studied women had suboptimal general health. Twenty six women (44.6%) were referred to a psychologist or psychiatrist. The main reason for referring to a psychologist or psychiatrist was addiction withdrawal in 19.35%, depression and anxiety in 5.06%, and familial problems in 12.9% and headache in 9.68%. Among the examined individuals, 50.8% had once decided to quit, 23.7% for two times, 11.9% for three times,
پژوهشگران محمد احمدپناه (نفر اول)، علی قلعه ایها (نفر دوم)، لیلا جهانگرد (نفر سوم)، محمد حقیقی (نفر پنجم)