مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Analyzing socioeconomic ...
عنوان
Analyzing socioeconomic related health inequality in mothers and children using the concentration index
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Inequality, socioeconomic factors, health status disparity, mother, child
چکیده
Background: We measured socioeconomic status using an asset index and defined 16 health related outcomes. The inequality in the distribution of these health outcomes by socioeconomic status was examined using concentration index. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012 in Hamadan City, the west of Iran, on 1400 households enrolled through a stratified cluster random sampling method. The effect of inequity on health outcomes was investigated via a three-stage procedure including: (a) definition of health outcomes; (b) measuring socioeconomic status using an asset index; and (c) measuring inequality of health outcome using concentration index. Results: There was inequality for all outcomes of interest. The prevalence of low birth weight, underweight, stunting, wasting, minor injuries, moderate injuries, consanguineous marriage, children with disability, short birth spacing, and adolescent pregnancy was disproportionately more common among the poor. On the other hand, the prevalence of preterm birth, nonexclusive breastfeeding, severe injuries, incomplete health care, cesarean section, and advanced maternal age was disproportionately more common among the rich. ConclusionS: According to our results, there is a health inequality between the poor and the rich subgroups which may increase the risk of mothers and infant mortality and morbidity rates among the poor while the majority of the conditions related to the health outcomes are preventable.
پژوهشگران جلال پورالعجل (نفر دوم)