مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Noise Induced Hearing Loss in ...
عنوان
Noise Induced Hearing Loss in Iran (1997-2012): Systematic Re-view Article
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Noise, Hearing Loss, NIHL, Occupational Exposure Limits, Systematic Review
چکیده
Background: Noise-induced hearing loss, which is one of the 10 leading occupational diseases, is a debilitating and irreversible disease. During the recent 15-years period (1997-2012), several studies have investigated the association between noise, hearing damage and other side effects of noise in Iran. The aim of this study was to review systematically the relevant literature related to noise-induced hearing loss, lead to developing noise exposure limits. In this systematic review, two researchers independently extracted the data from 31 past studies that had considered noise-induced hearing loss (including hearing loss, temporary and permanent hearing threshold shift and auditory trauma). The data were then recorded in a modified form and Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS, version 16.0. In analyzed studies the weighted average equivalent sound pressure level [LAeq] was 90.29 dB(A) and average hearing loss was 26.44 dB(A). The Highest degree of hearing loss in the right ear was associated at 4000 Hz, and the highest degree of hearing loss in the left ear was associated to 1000 and 4000 Hz. The majority of the reviewed studies have confirmed that exposure to a noise level above 85 dB (A) can lead to an increased chance of hearing loss. Furthermore, the results of the present review indicated that as LAeq increased up to 85 dB(A), so did the severity of the hearing loss.
پژوهشگران احمد سلطان زاده (نفر اول)، حسین ابراهیمی (نفر دوم)، مجید فلاحی (نفر سوم)، مجتبی کمالی نیا (نفر چهارم)، شادی قاسمی (نفر پنجم)، رستم گلمحمدی (نفر ششم به بعد)