مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Completed Suicide and ...
عنوان
Completed Suicide and Associated Risk Factors: A Six-Year Population Based Survey
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Assisted suicide, attempted suicide, incidence, Iran, risk factors
چکیده
Introduction: The investigations on suicide conducted within low- and middle-income countries are limited. This study evaluated the trend of suicide and its associated risk factors in the west of Iran. Methods: This six-year population-based survey was conducted in Kermanshah Province, in 2012. The data on suicide was extracted from the suicide database of the Provincial Health Center which was collected for six successive years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed and odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence intervals (CI) was reported. Results: During the study period, 13,810 attempted suicides occurred of which 1,564 (11.33%) were completed. The incidence rate of suicide has increased in recent years. The OR of completed suicide was 2.53 (1.94, 3.31) in males compared to females, 1.46 (1.36, 1.56) for every 10-year increase in age, 1.41 (1.15, 1.72) in single people, 1.92 (1.15, 3.23) in widowed persons, and 1.97 (1.32, 2.95) in divorcees compared to married people. The lower the educational level, the higher the risk of completed suicide. Compared to school/college students, the risk of completed suicide was higher among housewives, employed people or employees, and retirees. A majority of the suicides (90.05%) occurred at home. Although drug abuse was the most common method of suicide attempt but the risk of completed suicide due to rare methods such as firearm (91%), hanging (60%), and self-immolation (60%) was much high. Conclusion: We indicated that factors associated with completed suicide vary in Iran compared to other developed and developing countries and that factors associated with attempted suicide are different from that of completed suicide.
پژوهشگران جلال پورالعجل (نفر اول)