مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Comparison of prevalence of ...
عنوان
Comparison of prevalence of periodontal disease in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and healthy controls.
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Dental plaque index; menstrual disturbance; periodontal diseases; polycystic ovary syndrome
چکیده
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age, affecting 4-18% of them. Previous studies also showed that periodontal diseases are associated with different components of the metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study is to determine the association between PCOS and periodontal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 196 women (98 with PCOS and 98 healthy controls) were enrolled. PCOS diagnosis was confirmed by history, clinical signs, physical examination, laboratory parameters, and ultrasound studies. Both cases and controls were examined by the same periodontist. Periodontal parameters including bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth, clinical attachment loss (CAL), plaque index, and tooth loss were investigated in all participants. Pregnant women, smokers, individuals with a history of malignancy or osteoporosis, and those taking prophylactic antibiotics for dental procedures or receiving periodontal treatment during the 6-month period before examination were excluded. Data were analyzed using t-test, Chi-square test, and linear regression. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05.RESULTS: CAL and sites with BOP were significantly higher in women with PCOS (P < 0.05). However, no significant difference was observed in the tooth loss rate between PCOS and non-PCOS participants (P = 0.384). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of periodontal disease seems to be higher in women with PCOS. This may be related to the role of chronic systemic inflammation in the pathophysiology of both PCOS and periodontal diseases.
پژوهشگران محمد احسان رحیمی نژاد (نفر اول)، امیرحسین مودب (نفر دوم)، صغری ربیعی (نفر چهارم)، امین خدادوستان شهرکی( تسویه حساب) (نفر ششم به بعد)