مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /How much excess body weight, ...
عنوان
How much excess body weight, blood sugar, or age can double the risk of hypertension?
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Blood pressure Hypertension Diabetes mellitus Body mass index Waist-hip ratio Cross-sectional studies
چکیده
Background: Despite the well-known impact of advanced age, excess body weight, and raised blood glucose on blood pressure, the level of exposure to these risk factors that is necessary to double the risk hypertension is not widely investigated, but was explored in this study. Study design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: This study reports the results of a screening program conducted on a large population of adults to assess the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension and their associated risk factors. The participants were people aged 30 years or older referring to 16 health centers in Tehran. A standard questionnaire was used to collect data on blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), fasting blood sugar (FBS), smoking status, and demographic characteristics (age and gender) based on WHO STEPS manual. Results: Of the 7611 people who participated in the screening program, 696 (9.1%) had raised blood pressure. The level of exposure to risk factors for high blood pressure that is necessary to replicate the OR of 2.0 indicated that an OR of 2.0 corresponds to an increase in age of about 9.4 years, an increase in BMI of about 10.3 kg/m2, an increase in waist-to-hip ratio of about 0.5, and an increase in fasting blood sugar (FBS) of about 85.8 mg/dl. Conclusions: This study indicated how much increase in age, BMI, waist-hip ratio, and FBS can double the risk of hypertension. These results may be helpful for public health policy and prioritizing effective prevention programs to reduce the burden of high blood pressure.
پژوهشگران جلال پورالعجل (نفر اول)، حسین محجوب (نفر سوم)، اعظم بیدرفش (نفر چهارم)، ابراهیم بابائی (نفر پنجم)