مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Factors Affecting the Risk of ...
عنوان
Factors Affecting the Risk of Mental Disorders in PatientsWith Bipolar Disorder in theWest of Iran
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Anxiety Disorders, Bipolar Disorder, Comorbidity, Drug Addiction, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Logistic Regression
چکیده
Background: Drugaddiction, obsessivecompulsivedisorders (OCD), andotheranxietydisordersare thedisordersmost commonly found inpatients withbipolar disorder. Objectives: Thepurposeof this studywas to identify the factorsaffectingtheriskof drugaddiction, obsessivecompulsivedisorders, and other anxiety disorders inpatients withbipolar disorder. Patients and Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, the medical records of 400 patients with bipolar disorder hospitalized inHamadan, Iran, between2008 and2014were examined. Patient information, includingdemographic characteristics and comor-bidity, was collected. A data analysis was performed using a separate logistic regression for each disorder. The statistical package usedwas STATA software version 11. A P-value of less than0.05was considered statistically significant. Results: Themean (SD) ageof thepatientswithbipolardisorderwas 34.62 (1.68) years. Of the400patientswithbipolardisorder, 135 (33.75%)patientshadanxietydisorders, 67 (16.8%)patientssufferedfromdrugaddiction, and45(11%)patientshadOCD.Anassociation was established between drug addiction and OCD, and gender (P  0.05). The ORs of anxiety disorders, drug addiction, and OCD were 1.05 (95% CI = 0.65 - 1.68), 0.26 (95% CI = 0.10 - 0.63), and 2.33 (95% CI = 1.21 - 4.48) for women, and 0.92 (95% CI = 0.52 - 2.13), 3.01 (95% CI = 1.64 - 5.55), and 0.64 (95% CI = 0.25 - 1.62) for the patients who smoked, respectively. In addition, there was no significant associationbetween the different disorders and age, marital status, history of relapse, andhistory of suicide. Conclusions: Theresults showedthat therewasagreater riskof anxietydisorderswithbipolardisorder thanotherdisorders. While womenwithbipolar disorder were at higher risk of anxiety disorders andOCD, menwere at greater risk of drug addiction. Keywords:
پژوهشگران رویا نجفی وثوق (نفر اول)، علی قلعه ایها (نفر دوم)، جواد فردمال (نفر سوم)، حسین محجوب (نفر چهارم)