مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /The World's Scientific ...
عنوان
The World's Scientific Authority and Health-Related Challenges
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Scientific Authority; Health-Related Challenges
چکیده
Iran has made a substantial progress in science and technology during the last two decades, despite international sanctions. Iran's scientific community remained productive, even while economic sanctions make it difficult for Iranian universities to prepare their requisite equipment1. Furthermore, Iran's university population has swelled from 100,000 in 1979 to more than 4.5 million in 20122,3. Based on the Scopus database4, the number of citable documents produced by Iranian scientists rose about 48-fold during the last two decades, from 832 citable documents in 1996 to 39,727 in 2015. According to this database, Iran produced only 0.07% of the scientific products of the world in 1996, but 1.32% in 2015. Iran could improve its scientific level among the world's top scientific countries during the last two decades and could pass many developed countries of the world and reach the 16th global rank and the first regional rank in 2015 (Figure 1). This figure indicates an increasing trend in the number of citations to Iranian scientific production from 1996 to 2010 and a decreasing trend thereafter. In the first view, one may imagine that the quality of the Iranian scientific productions has fallen in the recent years and the number of citations to Iranian publications has not been growing along with the number of scientific products. However, we should keep in mind that old papers had more opportunity to be seen, read, and cited than the new ones. That means citation to scientific productions is a time-dependent process. As shown in Figure 2, during the last two decades, the global rank of citations per paper (CPP) for Iran changed in the same way as it did for the United States. Based on the Iranian 'Comprehensive Scientific Map' (CSP), Iran must achieve the first place of science and technology in the Muslim world and obtain an outstanding position of science and technology in the world by 20255. In addition, Iran should achieve the authority of science and technolog
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