مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Application of the Prototype ...
عنوان
Application of the Prototype Willingness Model to Predicting Anabolic Androgenic Steroid Use among Iranian Male Bodybuilders
نوع پژوهش مقاله ارائه شده (پوستر یا سخنرانی)
کلیدواژه‌ها
Anabolic Steroids, Prototype, Willingness Model, Intention
چکیده
Introduction: The use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) by athletes has become a widespread problem in the developing countries; it is timely to understand the cognitive determinants of bodybuilders' decisions to engage in AAS use. This study aimed to investigate the predicting factors associated with AAS use among male bodybuilders based on Prototype Willingness Model (PWM) as a theoretical framework. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 280 male bodybuilders of Hamadan recruited through a multistage sampling method in 2016. The data gathering tool consisted of a questionnaire based on the Prototype Willingness Model constructs. Data were analyzed with SPSS-16 software using Pearson correlation, Linear and logistic regression methods. Results: The prevalence of AAS use was 27.1%. The results showed that attitude (β=0.281) and behavioral willingness (β=0.554) were the most important predictors of behavioral intentions, whereas attitude (β=0.153) and subjective norms (β=0.239) were most important predictors for behavioral willingness. The result obtained from logistic regression analysis revealed that only reasoned action pathway of Prototype Willingness Model framework was significant predicting factor for AAS use among male bodybuilders. Conclusions: Results demonstrated the framework of the Prototype Willingness Model is applicable and useful in understanding AAS use among male bodybuilders. Also, the results revealed the importance of reasoned action path when examining bodybuilders' AAS use.
پژوهشگران مجید براتی (نفر اول)، رشید حیدری مقدم (نفر دوم)، سعید بشیریان (نفر سوم)، محمد حسن ساعتی عصر (نفر چهارم)، بابک معینی (نفر پنجم)