مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Acute pesticide poisoning and ...
عنوان
Acute pesticide poisoning and related factors among farmers in rural Western Iran
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Farmers, farm workers, pesticide, poisoning, symptoms, developing countries
چکیده
lthough acute pesticide poisoning (APP) is known to be a major health concern among farmers in developing countries, knowledge of its prevalence and risk factors is limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and a broad range of potential work-related risk factors of APP among Iranian farmers and farm workers. This cross-sectional study was conducted in rural areas of the Twiserkan County in Iran. In this study, there were 474 farmers and farm workers who had used pesticide 1 week before data collection. Participants were selected from 104 villages. Data were gathered using a questionnaire and analyzed using STATA (version 14.2 SE). Binary logistic regression and multinomial logistic regression were employed. The results of this study showed that 286 (60.3%) farmers and farm workers who applied pesticides suffered from work-related APP. Most frequent APP symptoms were runny nose (29.8%) and headache (25.1%). Five risk factors were identified, including annual income (p< 0.05), number of farming years (odds ratio (OR)¼0.31), number of spraying years (OR¼2.40), place of pesticide storage (OR¼2.69), and type of sprayer (p< 0.05). The results of this study indicated that APP is prevalent among the studied farmers. Some work-related factors play an important role in APP among Iranian rural farmers. In addition, the magnitude of these risk factors differed significantly by severity of acute and somatic pesticide poisoning.
پژوهشگران مریم افشاری (نفر اول)، جلال پورالعجل (نفر دوم)، محمد جواد عصاری (نفر سوم)، فروزان رضاپور شاه کلائی (نفر چهارم)، اکرم کریمی شاهنجرینی (نفر پنجم)