مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Life expectancy of ...
عنوان
Life expectancy of HIV-positive patients after diagnosis in Iran from 1986 to 2016: a retrospective cohort study at national and sub-national levels
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Life expectancy ,HIV-positive patients a,Iran, ,retrospective cohort study s
چکیده
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the life expectancy of individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Iran. This study therefore aimed to estimate the life expectancy of HIV-positive patients in Iran. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we extracted data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education and the Death Registration System. We included patients aged 20 years and older who had a specified date of diagnosis. We estimated life expectancy and its 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using Chiang's methodology. RESULTS: The overall life expectancy at the national level was 23.1 years (95% CI, 22.6 to 23.5). Life expectancy was 21.6 years (95% CI, 21.1 to 22.0) for men and 32.7 years (95% CI, 31.4 to 34.0) for women. The life expectancy of patients who did or did not receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) was 37.0 years (95% CI, 36.2 to 37.8) and 15.5 years (95% CI, 15.1 to 15.9), respectively. The life expectancy of patients with or without tuberculosis (TB) was 21.6 years (95% CI, 20.4 to 22.9) and 36.5 years (95% CI, 35.7 to 37.4), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The life expectancy of Iranian HIV-positive patients was found to be very low. To improve their longevity, improvements in ART coverage and the control and treatment of TB are advised.
پژوهشگران محمد میرزایی (نفر اول)، مریم فرهادیان (آمار) (نفر دوم)، جلال پورالعجل (نفر سوم)، یونس محمدی (نفر ششم به بعد)