مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Compared to Controls, ...
عنوان
Compared to Controls, Individuals with Lichen Planopilaris Have More Depression, a Lower Self-Esteem, and a Lower Quality of Life
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Alopecia; Anxiety; Depression; Lichen planopilaris; Quality of life; Self-esteem
چکیده
Background: Individuals with lichen planopilaris (LPP) typically present with hair loss and an irritated scalp, with signs and symptoms such as itching, erythema, scaling, and burning. Both hair loss and reddened skin may be visible also for other people. Therefore, it is conceivable that individuals with LPP might report a lower mental health status. Accordingly, in the present study, we compared dimensions of mental health between individuals with LPP and healthy controls. Method: A total of 38 individuals with LPP (mean age: 38.24 years, 47.4% females) and 58 gender- and agematched controls took part in this study. They completed questionnaires covering dimensions of quality of life and self-esteem; experts rated participants’ symptoms of depression and anxiety. Furthermore, dermatologists reported on the illness duration, the LPP activity index, and the severity of alopecia. Results: Compared to healthy controls, individuals with LPP reported lower scores of self-esteem, physical functioning, and mental health and higher scores of role limitations (physical and emotional). Likewise, experts rated higher depression scores in individuals with LPP compared to controls. In individuals with LPP, a higher LPP disease activity and a higher severity of hair loss were associated with higher depression and lower quality-of-life scores. Further, a higher LPP activity index, a lower self-esteem, and higher anxiety scores predicted a poorer quality of life, while illness duration was statistically unrelated. Conclusions: Compared to controls, and irrespectively of the illness duration, individuals with LPP reported a lower quality of life and a lower self-esteem, and experts’ ratings observed higher scores of depression. Experts treating individuals with LPP might pay special attention to the individuals’ mental health status. ©
پژوهشگران پدرام علیرضایی (نفر اول)