مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Examining the effectiveness ...
عنوان
Examining the effectiveness of a web-based intervention for depressive symptoms in female adolescents; Applying Social Cognitive Theory
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Depression; Social Cognitive Theory; Web-based intervention; Adolescents
چکیده
Abstract Background: Depression is a serious mental health illness among adolescents especially girls. Web-based treatment can possibly become a solution for reducing mental health problems in adolescents. This study is one of the first trials aimed to evaluate the efficiency of web-based depression improvement program among female adolescents based on the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). Study design: Randomized Controlled Trial Methods: A six-month randomized controlled trial based on the SCT was implemented om 128 female students with mild to moderate depressive symptoms (CES-D =10-45). They were randomly assigned to either intervention or control group (n= 64 in each group). Depression improvement program was implemented through the website via short videos, animations and Power-Point slides. Depression was evaluated using Center for Epidemiologic Depression Scale. A researcher-made questionnaire based on the sheerer and Perceived-Social-Support-Scale-Revised (PSSS-R) questionnaires was used to evaluate the SCT constructs. The data was analyzed using the SPSS-16 software. Results: The intervention program resulted in the improvement of depression in 12 weeks based on Intent-to-treat analyses. Nevertheless, these achievements seem to have decreased by 24 weeks in intervention group. The intervention increased the mean scores of the constructs of social support and self-regulation from baseline to 12 weeks in the intervention group (P <0.05). The intervention had no effect on outcome expectations and self-efficacy. There were no statistically significant associated between theory constructs changes and changes in depression (P>0.05). Conclusions: The web-based intervention improved depression in female students. Future trainings using strategies for the sustainability improvement of depression in female students are needed.
پژوهشگران بابک معینی (نفر اول)، سعید بشیریان (نفر دوم)، علیرضا سلطانیان (نفر سوم)، علی قلعه ایها (نفر چهارم)، ملیحه طاهری (نفر پنجم)