مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Comparison of Powered ...
عنوان
Comparison of Powered Toothbrush and Persica and Chlorhexidine Mouthwashes on Reduction of Gingival Enlargement in Orthodontic Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Orthodontics, Plaque index, Herbal mouthwash, Gingival hyperplasia
چکیده
Purpose: This study was designed to compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine and Persica mouthwashes and powered toothbrushes in improving gingival enlargement in fixed orthodontic patients. Materials and Methods: Seventy-two orthodontic patients with at least two sites of gingival enlargement were randomly allocated into four equal groups: 1) Manual toothbrush; 2) Powered toothbrush; 3) Manual toothbrush + Persica mouthwash; and 4) Manual toothbrush + chlorhexidine mouthwash. All the participants were instructed to brush their teeth at least twice a day. The subjects in groups 3 and 4 were instructed to use persica or chlorhexidine according to manufacturer instructions. Bleeding on probing (BOP) index, gingival index (GI), O’Leary’s plaque index (PI) and constructed hyperplastic index (HI) of all the subjects were measured in a blind manner at the start of the study and 2 weeks later. Changes of indices in the entire oral cavity and individual affected teeth were analyzed with SPSS16 using χ2, ANOVA, ANCOVA, LSD and paired t-test. Results: In the entire oral cavity, there was a statistically significant improvement in indices in all the groups except for HI which significantly improved only in group 4 (p=0.00). Data of individual teeth with hyperplastic gingiva showed significant reduction of all the variables except for HI in group 1 (p=0.08). It was revealed that there were no significant differences between groups 1 and 2 and between groups 3 and 4. Conclusion: According to the results of the present study the efficacy of Persica was similar to that of chlorhexidine in improving gingival conditions. None of the treatment modalities could reduce gingival enlargement to the clinically acceptable level of health.
پژوهشگران نسرین فرهادیان لنگرودی (نفر اول)، محسن جلی بیدگلی(تسویه حساب) (نفر دوم)، فرهاد جعفری (نفر سوم)، مجید محمودزاده (نفر چهارم)، مهدی یعقوبی (نفر پنجم)، امیر فرهنگ میر اسماعیلی (نفر ششم به بعد)