مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Prevalence of Oral Mucosal ...
عنوان
Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions in Male Smokers and Nonsmokers
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Mouth; Smoking; Prevalence
چکیده
Tobacco smoking is one of the most important risk factors for the development of oral mucosal lesions such as leukoplakia and hairy tongue. Controversy exists in the literature, however, about the prevalence of oral lesions in smokers. The aim of this study was to evaluate oral lesions in male smokers compared with nonsmokers in Hamadan. A total of 516 male participants were assessed, 258 of whom were smokers and 258 of whom were healthy nonsmokers. The prevalence of lesions was evaluated by clinical observation and biopsy. We found that the most prevalent lesions among smokers were gingival problems and coated tongue; smokers had significantly more lesions than did nonsmokers. Malignant and premalignant lesions were found in a higher age range. Among all participants in our study, we found a large number of oral mucosal lesions in smokers that had a strong correlation with smoking. Dental services need to implement care and health education for smokers to promote health.
پژوهشگران جلال پورالعجل (نفر پنجم)